➢ Diagnose ➢ Prevent ➢ Treat mental disorders. ➢ Treat maladaptation's related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions. ➢ Psychiatrists are qualified to assess and treat both mental and physical aspects of psychological problems.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It affects how you feel, thinks and behaves and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth living. Sleep disturbances, including insomnia or sleeping too much.
Some people may feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why.
Get treatment at the earliest sign of a problem to help prevent depression from worsening.
Experiencing occasional anxiety is a normal part of life. However, people with anxiety disorders frequently have intense, excessive and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Often, anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of sudden feelings of intense anxiety and fear or terror that reach a peak within minutes (panic attacks).
Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), specific phobias and separation anxiety disorder. You can have more than one anxiety disorder. Sometimes anxiety results from a medical condition that needs treatment.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behaviour that impairs daily functioning, and can be disabling.
People with schizophrenia require lifelong treatment. Early treatment may help get symptoms under control before serious complications develop and may help improve the long-term outlook.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) features a pattern of unwanted thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive behaviours (compulsions). These obsessions and compulsions interfere with daily activities and cause significant distress.
You may try to ignore or stop your obsessions, but that only increases your distress and anxiety. Ultimately, you feel driven to perform compulsive acts to try to ease your stress. Despite efforts to ignore or get rid of bothersome thoughts or urges, they keep coming back. This leads to more ritualistic behaviour — the vicious cycle of OCD.
OCD often centres around certain themes — for example, an excessive fear of getting contaminated by germs. To ease your contamination fears, you may compulsively wash your hands until they're sore and chapped.
If you have OCD, you may be embarrassed about the condition, but treatment can be effective.
MBBS., DFM (RCGP-UK)., MD PSYCHIATRY.,
Psychiatrists prescribe a whole range of medications to patients. Please remember a majority of the medications given are not addictive and can easily be stopped without the patient feeling a craving for the medication or withdrawal symptoms. The medications which cause addiction belong to a group of medications called benzodiazepine which is used by psychiatrists for treating anxiety problems, disturbed sleep, aggression etc. They must be used continuously only for up to 4 weeks and then tapered off and stopped. Other medications which can cause dependence are certain stimulators used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorders like methylphenidate etc. Psychiatrists will help the patient to manage addictive medications effectively and also help them taper the medications to effectively stop the medications without withdrawal effects.
Some patients may have to take medications for a considerable period of time and even lifelong but they form a smaller portion of the patients seen by psychiatrists.
This is a common problem a lot of caregivers face. They are aware that the patient has a psychological problem but is refusing help. There is no particular way to address the issue and multiple approaches can be used. Some of the ways are
A) Get the patient to a doctor in the context of the problem and defocus from the patient's problem eg: marital problem with one partner not seeing his part in the issue get the patient in the context of the willing spouse.
B) Get a person who has some influence on the patient to speak to the patient
C) Tell the patient to consider one appointment with the psychiatrist and then give him the option to decide if he wants to go again or not.
D) Focus on the issue the patient is willing to work on and not on the issues he does not want to
Eg: he might want to consult for his anger issues and not for his sexual problems.
E) Patient feeling he has no problem, itself can be a symptom of the illness (no insight), the attendee needs to seek professional help
F) If all methods fail and the patient is seriously ill you can seek help from the Mental Health Care act where a patient can be admitted against his will to the hospital.
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who has done his MBBS training and then specialized in psychiatry for treating people with the mental health problem. Psychiatrists are uniquely qualified to assess both the mental and physical aspects of psychological disturbances. Their medical education has given them a full working knowledge of both physical illness and psychological problems. They can treat patients with both medications and psychotherapy (talk therapy). They are able to interpret blood tests and other investigations done by medical doctors.
A psychologist is a mental health professional who has done their graduation in psychology and specialization in clinical psychology ( MPHIL). They are not medical doctors and usually do their graduation (BA) in psychology and Phd. They are able to provide various therapies and they are trained to do certain assessment methods like Rorschach, IQ etc. They will not be able to prescribe medications and treat physical illnesses.
A psychiatric illness that needs medications will need to be treated by a psychiatrist.
A psychiatrist treats various psychological problems like anxiety disorders, depression, phobias, panic disorders, anger issues, alcohol and tobacco dependence, academic issues and various other issues. In fact majority of the problems treated by psychiatrists the patient is in complete control of himself/herself and are holding successful and responsible jobs. The common stereotypical psychiatry patient depicted in movies and in the media form only a very minute percentage of patients seen by psychiatrists
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